Many of the waterfalls you can visit are located on undeveloped, untamed land. Despite the fact that many waterfalls are peaceful and wonderful sites, exploring them can be dangerous. People have been hurt hiking to and climbing waterfalls. Some have even been killed. So even if you think nothing can happen, the environment is so unpredictable, the chance of something happening if you visit a lot of waterfalls is considerable. It’s important to use caution when hiking and climbing to ensure you’ll be safe and well enough to enjoy the falls once you reach it.
When hiking wear the appropriate footwear (no sandals, no bare feet). Don’t wear loose clothing that can snag on branches. If you plan on creek-walking wear shoes that you’re comfortable in when wet, and bring a dry pair of socks and shoes to change into when done. Strapping on a pair of crampons will give your shoes the extra needed grip for slippery creek-walks and waterfall climbing.
Drink before your hike, during your hike, and afterwards. There’s nothing worse than walking in the hot sun, getting to a refreshing waterfall and being too thirsty to enjoy it. Dehydration will reduce your stamina and lessen the overall experience. Invest in a high quality, durable water bottle or hydration pack. These are never a bad investment. Buy one to carry, and then one to store in your car.
Bring a snack
You don’t want to get halfway through the trail and run out of energy. In the worst case you don’t want to get stranded and have to eat grass. Bring an energy bar, fruit snacks or anything with high calories from carbs.
Know the trail
Have some knowledge of where you’re going. Either have a map, a guide or log to help you get to where you would like to go. Some of these destinations are surrounded by large areas of wilderness, and getting lost is no fun. Use a trail and stay on it.
Know your area
Before heading out, know where you can obtain medical attention if needed. Research for dangerous wildlife in the area. Know if hunting is allowed in the area.
Know the season
This includes the weather. If there’s going to be heavy rain it’s best not to creek-walk in a narrow gorge. High rain and deep, narrow gorges lead to flash flooding. Rain also makes mud, making trails slippery. It’s obvious to look out for ice in the winter, and mud in the spring. Summer usually brings slippery algae to creek beds. Be careful of hunters in hunting seasons.
Don’t go alone
If you are going to be hiking or climbing, the best advice I can give you is to bring someone along. If you fall, become injured or are lost, having someone with you can not only save your life, but also save your sanity.
In the event that something does happen and you or a member of your party is injured, it’s best to have a first aid kit, either on you or in your car.
Even though a lot of these areas do not get cell phone reception, play it safe and bring your phone anyway.
Don’t carry too much
If you are climbing or navigating a dangerous area, it’s not the time to be holding your camera, getting out your sunglasses or swigging from your water bottle. You may need those hands to be free. Store it away in your pocket or bag, clip it to your belt – just keep your hands free for balancing, breaking your fall, or hanging on for dear life if something happens. The only thing you should be holding on a tough hike is a reliable walking stick.
If it looks dangerous, it probably is
See a slippery ledge? …a difficult to climb waterfall? …a very steep trail down a gorge? Don’t risk it. This is where people get hurt and have to be evacuated.
Use a walking stick/pole
It’s either one you find on the ground or one you purchased. A walking stick can reduce fatigue and help you keep your balance. I also use it to fend off an aggressive animal if attacked. It is not recommended that you use dual walking poles on rough hiking trails. Keep one hand open to catch yourself if you fall.
Watch where you walk
When walking a trail, keep your eyes on the trail and off the map, GPS, camera or anything else. These trails are not always smooth and predictable. Stones and roots will always become obstacles, while some sections of the trail may be destroyed or fallen over the gorge. Be careful of sections of the trails covered by leaves. You have no idea what’s below the leaves.
Obey the signs
If a sign says “do not pass,” “danger,” “posted” or any other caution, obey it. It’s there for a reason.
Be overly cautious
Just because you’re on a trail doesn’t mean the trail is safe. Just because you are in a park doesn’t mean the park is safe. A cell phone doesn’t guarantee safety. First aid kit doesn’t prevent death. Be careful and cautious for you and those that you are with. So you and others can continue to enjoy these sites, you must be careful not to put yourself in danger of losing your life.